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Wikipedia Assignment Regulacion

Page history last edited by Donna Lyn B. Regulacion 12 years, 4 months ago

 

1. Consequentialism - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consequentialism

  •  According to the article, the concept of consequentialism comes from a person’s ethical norms that with every good thing you make, the return would also be positive. Just like the Buddha’s teachings in the idea of Karma, if you do good things, the reward will also be good but if you do something bad, you would have to face the consequences twice your action. The meaning of morality may differ from other people’s perspective. What might be correct for you is wrong for other people. The consequentialist theories use consequences as the centre of ethical judgement. Moral goodness would lead one to stability and genuine happiness.

2. Contractaranism – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contractarianism

  • Social contracts serves as a tool that is intended to explain the relationship between the individuals and their governments.  

3. Culture Critique - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_theory

  •  Culture critique as defined in the Wikipedia article is the scrutiny of society and culture basing the knowledge in social sciences and humanities. 

4. Deontological Ethics - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deontological_Ethics

  • Deontological Ethics is a normative Ethics that judges the ethics based on the action’s obligation to rules. Society and are two different broad things. In the society, we follow certain rules so that we have a good system. Thus, we have different cultures, the way we are raised and our beliefs may be different from others and sometimes rules in the society may create a conflict in one’s culture. In the article it was mentioned the word duty and obligations. Deontological Ethics can also be patterned consequentialism conferring to which the correctness of a deed is determined by its consequences.

5. Discourse Ethics - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Discourse_Ethics

  • This is also called argumentation ethics. It is a type of argument that tries to see truths that are ethical and normative by inspecting the assumption of dissertation. It tries to see larger perspective when it comes to point of view.

6. Divine Command - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divine_command

  • According to the article, it is a meta ethical views which is looking for meanings of ethical sentences. These ethical sentences, some are true some are attitudes of God.The phrase "Is an action morally good because God commands it, or does God command it because it is morally good?" struck me.  it is indeed God is above all things that's why I believe that whether it is morally good or it's God's commandment, it will always lead back to goodness. 

7. Egoism - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethical_egoism

  • Ethical egoism is a normative ethical point that moral agents must do at the rate of their self -regard. It does not necessarily require things to harm the welfare and safety of other people when making ethical deliberations. Also ethical egoism does not mean that when you are pursuing something you really want, you will do it, there should also be other considerations. 

8. Hedonism - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hedonism

  • Hedonism is a faculty of thought which claims that desire is the only intrinsic good. or in short, those who are hedonist strives to exploit net pleasure.  

9. Naturalism - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethical_naturalism

  • This normative ethical position opposed ethical non-naturalism which refutes that moral terms raise to anything other than complex moral properties, as well as anti-realism, error theory and non-cognitivism.

10. Particularism - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moral_particularism

  • This is a view with no moral principle  and you can only find moral judgement if you decide between these 2; real or imagined. 

11. Perfectionism - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perfectionism_(philosophy)

  • It is the determination of the will in achieving the best quality of the whole(physical ,mental, spiritual, material) being. This theory starts from a good life or wanted life and then it typifies it in a different way. The perfectionists believe that no one can attain faultless life or state of living. but rather they practice steadfast diligence in obtaining the best probable life. 

12. Pragmatism - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pragmatism

  • It is a ethical tradition that focuses on connecting practices and theories. It discusses a process wherein theories are mined from practices and smeared back to practice to come up of what is called intelligent practice. 

13. Rationalism - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rationalism

  • It is the progress of illumination that emphasizes a "politics of reasons" focusing on support of the concept or rational choice and utilitarianism. It is also a technique or a concept in which the measure of truth is not in the means of sensory but rational and deductive.  

14. Relativism - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relativism

  • In this concept, there is no absolute truth, having only virtual and personal value depending on their perception as well as considerations. In terms of truth, there is really no absolute truth, just like Cultures since people have different cultures, that means they also have different beliefs. In relativism, All points of view are valid not like absolutism, which states that there is only one valid point.  

15. Subjectivism - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subjectivism

  • It is an ethical belief that unites primacy to subjective experience as the basis of all laws and measure. 

16. Virtue Ethics - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtue_ethics

  • It is the driving force of philosophical behavior rather than deontology, social context and  consequentialism. 

 

 

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